New US Census Numbers Change State’s Representation in Congress, Electoral College

The brand new United States Census numbers were released on Monday, with the new American population topping out at 331 million. The new tallies will have a major impact on how our government looks in the next few election cycles, reshuffling the 435 House seats among the 50 states to account for population changes over the last decade.

Texas will gain the most new seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, while states in the Northeast and Midwest lose a total of seven, which could result in a shift of political clout back to Republican before the 2022 midterms. New York would have kept all 27 seats in the U.S. House if the Census Bureau had counted 89 more people in the state, all other things being equal. Instead, it lost one, Census officials said. Those changes alone could be enough to decide the balance of power, as Democrats hold a narrow advantage in the House now, with a margin of fewer than half a dozen seats.

(Photo by congress.gov via Getty Images)

The states gaining seats are largely ones that Donald Trump won in 2020, while states President Joe Biden won, including the so-called “Blue Wall” states of the industrial North, are the ones losing seats. Texas will gain two seats. Colorado, Florida, Montana, North Carolina, and Oregon will also each gain a seat.


Because the size of the House has been capped since 1911, those new seats must come at the expense of seven states: California, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. And because the Electoral College factors in House representation, those states will lose influence in the 2024 presidential vote.

Alabama, Minnesota, and Rhode Island were expected to lose seats but were spared a cut in the final numbers.

The average House seat will now represent 761,169 people, up from 710,767 from 2010.

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